Freelance Contracts: Why You Need One and How to Create It

Richard Ou
Wednesday, November 29, 2023

As a freelancer in the United States, you operate as an independent business owner, and amid the many hats you wear, one is that of a contract administrator. Whether you are a writer, designer, programmer, consultant, or working in any other freelance capacity, legally binding contracts are vital to safeguard your rights, outline expectations, and ensure you get paid for your work. Here's why every freelance gig should be backed by a written contract, how to set one up, and a template to get you started.

The Importance of Written Contracts for Freelancers

Clarity in Scope of Work:

A written contract help delineates the exact scope of the project, including detailed descriptions of the services you will provide. This clarity helps avoid scope creep and ensures that both you and your client have a common understanding of what is expected.

Payment Terms

One of the most important aspects of a written contract is the clear outline of payment terms—when and how you will be paid, late payment fees, and deposit requirements, if applicable. This minimizes disputes over financials.

Intellectual Property Rights

Without a clear contract, the ownership of the work you create as a freelancer could be contentious. A contract should outline who owns the copyright of the work produced.

Liability Limitations

Specifying the limits of your liability can protect you from legal claims, should any aspect of your work not satisfy your client's expectations or inadvertently cause harm.

Term and Termination

The contract should specify the period it covers and conditions for termination by either party, providing a clear exit strategy should things not work out as planned.

Setting Up a Freelance Contract

Identifying Contracting Parties

Start by identifying yourself as a service provider and your client. Include names, addresses, contact details, and if applicable, company structure or titles.

Scope of Work

Detail the work you will be performing. If it's an ongoing relationship, define the process for adding on new tasks or projects.


Include the start date, any project milestones, and completion dates. Clarify expectations for revisions and feedback.

Payment Details

State your rates (hourly, per project, retainer, etc.), payment schedule (e.g., 50% upfront, 50% at completion), accepted payment methods, and details about late fees.

Rights and Ownership

Clarify when the client will own the work you've done (typically after final payment) and whether you have the right to display the work in your portfolio.

Confidentiality and Non-Disclosure

Include terms that protect both parties' confidential information if necessary.

Cancellation and Kill Fees

Include a clause covering what happens if the project is canceled by either party. Many freelancers require a "kill fee" to compensate for time already invested.


Both parties must sign the contract for it to be legally binding. Include space for printed names, signatures, and dates.

Freelance Contract Template

Freelance Service Agreement


[Your Full Name]

[Your Title/Profession]

[Your Address]

[Client's Full Name/Company Name]

[Their Title/Position]

[Their Address]


[Effective Date of Agreement]

Scope of Work:

[Detailed description of services to be provided]


Project Start Date: [Start Date]

Completion Date: [End Date or Milestones]

Payment Terms:

Rate: [$/Hour, $/Project, Retainer Fee]

Payment Schedule: [Details of when payments are due]

Late Payment Fees: [Details]

Intellectual Property Rights:

[Who owns the work, and when the transfer of ownership occurs]


[Non-Disclosure commitments if applicable]


[Conditions under which the contract or project can be terminated]


[Your Printed Name & Signature]


[Client's Printed Name & Signature]


This contract template is a starting point, but remember that each freelancing gig might require modifications.


A written contract is not just a legal necessity; it's a cornerstone of a professional freelance business. It not only protects your rights and outlines your obligations but also instills confidence in your clients about the seriousness and professionalism of your services.

For complex projects or unique situations, consider seeking legal advice to ensure all your bases are covered. While templates can provide a good outline, every project has unique elements that might require special attention. Investing time in a well-crafted contract can save you from potential legal headaches and helps ensure that your freelance career is built on a solid foundation.